Going to Court: What to Expect in a Michigan Car Accident Lawsuit

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While many car accident cases are settled outside of court through negotiations with insurance companies, some situations may necessitate filing a lawsuit. If you find yourself in this position, it’s essential to understand the process of going to court for a car accident lawsuit in Michigan. Knowing what to expect can help alleviate anxiety and ensure you are well-prepared for the legal proceedings. In this blog post, we’ll walk you through the key stages of a Michigan car accident lawsuit, from filing the complaint to the trial.

Filing the Complaint

The car accident lawsuit process begins with the plaintiff (the injured party) filing a formal written complaint against the defendant (the at-fault party) in court. The complaint outlines the details of the accident, the injuries sustained, and the damages sought.

After the complaint is filed, the defendant will be served with the legal papers, which will include a summons, notifying them of the lawsuit and their obligation to respond within a specified timeframe.

Discovery Phase

The discovery phase is a critical step in the car accident lawsuit process. Both parties and their attorneys exchange information and evidence related to the case. This includes:

  • Interrogatories: Written questions that must be answered under oath.
  • Document Requests: Requests for relevant documents, such as medical records and accident reports.
  • Depositions: Sworn statements taken under oath from witnesses, experts, and parties involved in the accident.
  • Expert Witnesses: Each side may present expert witnesses to support their case and provide opinions on key issues.

Pre-Trial Motions

During the discovery phase, either party may file pre-trial motions to address specific legal issues. These motions can seek to exclude or admit evidence, request a summary judgment (a decision made by the court without going to trial), or dismiss the case entirely.

Mediation and Settlement Negotiations

Before proceeding to trial, the court may require both parties to attempt mediation to explore the possibility of a settlement. Mediation involves a neutral third party, the mediator, who assists the parties in reaching an agreement.

Settlement negotiations may also take place outside of mediation. The goal is to arrive at a fair settlement that adequately compensates the plaintiff for their damages without the need for a trial.


If settlement negotiations and mediation are unsuccessful, the case will proceed to trial. During the trial, both sides will present their evidence, arguments, and witnesses to the judge or jury.

  • Jury Selection: In cases with a jury, a process known as “voir dire” takes place, where potential jurors are selected to serve on the jury.
  • Opening Statements: Each side’s attorney presents an opening statement outlining their case and what they intend to prove.
  • Presentation of Evidence: Witnesses are called to testify, and evidence, such as photographs and medical records, is presented.
  • Cross-Examination: Attorneys for both sides have the opportunity to question witnesses.
  • Closing Arguments: Each side’s attorney summarizes their case and presents their final arguments.
  • Verdict: After hearing all the evidence and arguments, the jury or judge will render a verdict.

Post-Trial Motions and Appeals

After the trial, the losing party may file post-trial motions, asking the court to overturn the verdict or grant a new trial. If the outcome is still unsatisfactory, either party has the right to appeal the decision to a higher court.


Going to court for a car accident lawsuit in Michigan can be a complex and lengthy process. Understanding what to expect at each stage of the lawsuit can help you navigate the legal proceedings with confidence.

While many cases are settled before trial, having a skilled car accident attorney by your side is essential to ensure your rights are protected and that you receive fair compensation for your injuries and damages. Whether through negotiations or trial, the goal is to secure a just outcome that helps you move forward after a car accident.